The Dardanelles are located to the northeast of the sea. English Translation of “Crète” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. [36] Alongside Greece, Turkey has also been successful in developing resort areas and attracting large number of tourists,[37] contributing to tourism in Turkey. The sea was known in Latin as Aegaeum mare under the control of the Roman Empire. The civilization of Mycenaean Greeks perished with the collapse of Bronze Age culture in the eastern Mediterranean, to be followed by the so-called Greek Dark Ages. After Constantinople was occupied by Western European and Venetian forces during the Fourth Crusade, the area around the Aegean sea was fragmented into multiple entities, including the Latin Empire, the Kingdom of Thessalonica, the Empire of Nicaea, the Principality of Achaea, and the Duchy of Athens. 3.74; Scriptores rerum mythicarum Latini, ed. [2] Notable cities on the Aegean coastline include Athens, Thessaloniki, Volos, Kavala and Heraklion in Greece, and İzmir and Bodrum in Turkey. There is the picture postcard Greece, with its antique ruins and paradisiac islands, and the other, more intimate country, characterised by a relaxed lifestyle and hospitable inhabitants. The certification is awarded for beaches and marinas meeting strict quality standards including environmental protection, water quality, safety and services criteria. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème Grece, Grece paysage, Mer égée. Elle est séparée de la mer Ionienne à l’ouest par une ligne allant du cap Malée à l’extrémité occidentale de la Crète en passant par les îles de Cythère , Porí , Anticythère et Gramvoussa . The execution of Sotades by Patroclus, according to some interpretations, took place at or near the town.. Its site is tentatively located near modern Ag. "Drainage Basin of the Mediterranean Sea", "World Weather Information Service – Europe", "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Genel İstatistik Verileri", "Ancient Crete – Classics – Oxford Bibliographies – obo", "Maritime transport – Goods (gross weight) – Annual data – All ports – by direction", "A Way of Life Drowned by Greece's Crisis", "As stocks deplete, Greek fishermen scrap boats and livelihoods", "Αλέξανδρος Βασιλικός: Ο τουρισμός είναι υπόθεση όλων μας", "Santorini's popularity soars but locals say it has hit saturation point", "Overwhelmed: Greece the latest country to be overrun by tourists", "Where to Raise the Sails, or Just a Glass", "FEE – Foundation for Environmental Education", "Blue Flag Beaches in Turkey | Go Turkey Tourism", "Cultural Portal of the Aegean Archipelago",, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles with Serbian-language sources (sr), Articles lacking reliable references from December 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from August 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Serbo-Croatian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2019, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In the Dardanelles: A line joining Kum Kale (26°11′E) and, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 18:43. « De l’Egée » est en ce sens un poème caractéristique bien que la mer et le soleil sont omniprésents dans l’ensemble de son œuvre. The Aegean islands facilitated contact between the people of the area and between Europe and Asia. According to the Network of Managers of Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean (MedPAN), four Greek MPAs are participating in the Network. Paloukia, on the island of Salamis, is a major passenger port. By the 1930s, Greece and Turkey had about resumed their present-day borders. [13], The current coastline dates back to about 4000 BC. [21] Piraeus is also the commercial hub of Greek shipping. the Athenian fleet gained a decisive victory over the Persian fleet of the Xerxes II of Persia at the Battle of Salamis. Although some species are defined as protected or threatened under EU legislation, several illegal species such as the molluscs Pinna nobilis, Charonia tritonis and Lithophaga lithophaga, can be bought in restaurants and fish markets around Greece. Aegean synonyms, Aegean pronunciation, Aegean translation, English dictionary definition of Aegean. To ensure the quality of comments, you need to be connected. The Dardanelles and the Bosphoros are known as the Turkish Straits. The Aegean sea is connected to the Sea of Marmara by the Dardanelles, also known from Classical Antiquity as the Hellespont. The sea reaches a maximum depth of 3,544 meters, to the east of Crete. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean islands, flourishing from around 3000 to 1450 BC before a period of decline, finally ending at around 1100 BC. [3], Late Latin authors referred the name Aegaeus to Aegeus, whom they said to have jumped into that sea (instead of jumping from the Athenian acropolis, as told by some Greek authors). The Mycenaean Greeks arose on the mainland, becoming the first advanced civilization in mainland Greece, which lasted from approximately 1600 to 1100 BC. Before that time, at the peak of the last ice age (about 18,000 years ago) sea levels everywhere were 130 metres lower, and there were large well-watered coastal plains instead of much of the northern Aegean. The Mycenaeans introduced several innovations in the fields of engineering, architecture and military infrastructure, while trade over vast areas of the Mediterranean, including the Aegean, was essential for the Mycenaean economy. The present coastal arrangement appeared around 9,000 years ago, with post-ice age sea levels continuing to rise for another 3,000 years after that. Elle bénéficie d'un climat méditerranéen tout au long de l'année. Analysis[10] of the Aegean during 1991 and 1992 revealed three distinct water masses: The climate of the Aegean Sea largely reflects the climate of Greece and Western Turkey, which is to say, predominately Mediterranean. [17]. Fish are Greece's second-largest agricultural export, and Greece has Europe's largest fishing fleet. Hermes Hotel, Agios Nikolaos Picture: Avec une belle piscine terrasse, belle vue sur la mer Egée, menus thématiques variés. Elle se situe entre le nord de la Crète et le sud des Cyclades . 2. [35] However, concerns relating to overtourism have arisen in recent years, such as issues of inadequate infrastructure and overcrowding. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. Byzantine successes were not to last; the Ottomans would conquer the area around the Aegean coast, but before their expansion the Byzantine Empire had already been weakened from internal conflict. A number of issues concerning sovereignty within the Aegean Sea are disputed between Greece and Turkey. The largest cities are Athens and Thessaloniki in Greece and İzmir in Turkey. All rights reserved. The phrase "Blue Cruise" refers to recreational voyages along the Turkish Riviera, including across the Aegean. 2017 - Découvrez le tableau "Chios" de Iris sur Pinterest. The physical oceanography of the Aegean Sea is controlled mainly by the regional climate, the fresh water discharge from major rivers draining southeastern Europe, and the seasonal variations in the Black Sea surface water outflow through the Dardanelles Strait. [25] To address these concerns, Greek fishermen have been offered a compensation by the government. (Unpubl.). ClaudeMarieB has uploaded 47199 photos to Flickr. La mer Égée est une mer intérieure du bassin méditerranéen, située entre l'Europe et l'Asie. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. The Macedonian Wars were a series of conflicts fought by the Roman Republic and its Greek allies in the eastern Mediterranean against several different major Greek kingdoms. Under Presian I and his successor Boris I, the Bulgarian Empire managed to obtain a small portion of the northern Aegean coast. The Aegean Sea would later come to be under the control, albeit briefly, of the Kingdom of Macedonia. The most populated of the Aegean islands is Crete, followed by Euboea and Rhodes. "Medieval City of Rhodes". [38] The ancient city of Troy, a World Heritage Site, is on the Turkish coast of the Aegean. Mini spot publicitaire pour des locations de bateau en Mer Égée et les îles grecques. [clarification needed] Overfishing and habitat destruction is also a concern, threatening grouper, and seabream populations, resulting in perhaps a 50% decline of fish catch. The Anatolian peninsula marks the eastern boundary of the sea, while the Greek mainland marks the west. L’île est longue et étroite (260 km par 60 km). Elle s'étend de la côte thrace et du détroit des Dardanelles au nord jusquà la Crète au sud. The German invasion resulted in the Axis occupation of Greece. Ses côtes sont baignées par la mer de Libye, la mer de Crète, la mer de Myrto et la mer de Karpathos. Greece was then liberated by Allied troops. Ioannis. [27] A total of five UNESCO World Heritage sites are located the Aegean Islands; these include the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on Patmos,[28] the Pythagoreion and Heraion of Samos in Samos,[29] the Nea Moni of Chios,[30] the island of Delos,[31] and the Medieval City of Rhodes. On a dit d’Odysseas Elytis qu’il était le poète de la mer Egée. Thus ending any further attempt of western expansion by the Achaemenid Empire. The Aegean Sea groundwater itself has a high salinity content leading one to think that the soil would be infertile due to the volcanic region, but actually has an equilibrium with its soil content structure making it able to grow fertile crops on land that would seem infertile. The Venetians, who ruled many Greek islands in the High and Late Middle Ages, popularized the name Archipelago (Greek: αρχιπέλαγος, meaning "main sea" or "chief sea"), a name that held on in many European countries until the early modern period. ). You can complete the translation of île de la mer égée given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse, French-English dictionary : translate French words into English with online dictionaries. Elle compte environ 1 000 habitants. It is undetermined what cause the collapse of the Mycenaeans. For demersal fisheries, the catches from the northern and southern Aegean area groupings are dominated by grey mullets and pickerel (Spicara smaris) respectively. The Aegean dispute has had a large effect on Greek-Turkish relations since the 1970s. This is most predominant in the west and east coasts of the Aegean, and within the Aegean islands. Kassos (en grec, Κάσος) est une île grecque qui fait partie de l'archipel et du nome du Dodécanèse dans la mer Égée. Autour de son littoral on trouve de nombreux îlots et … In the Italo-Turkish War of 1912, Italy captured the Dodecanese islands, and had occupied them since, reneging on the 1919 Venizelos–Tittoni agreement to cede them to Greece. The industry has been impacted by the Great Recession. Greece has established several marine protected areas along its coasts. By the 6th century BC several cities had emerged as dominant in Greek affairs: Athens, Sparta, Corinth, and Thebes, of which Athens, Sparta, and Corinth were closest to the Aegean Sea. Piraeus bi-annually acts as the focus for a major shipping convention, known as Posidonia, which attracts maritime industry professionals from all over the world. Southern Aegean beaches on the Turkish coast include Muğla, with 102 beaches awarded with the blue flag, along with İzmir and Aydın, who have 49 and 30 beaches awarded respectively. 1. At the head of this society was the king, known as wanax. Karpathos maintient ses traditions et l'authenticité des villages plus que toute autre île de la mer Égée. The sea's maximum depth is 3,543 metres (11,624 ft), located at a point east of Crete. Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke: (1961), Volumes 28–31, Administratively, the Greek Dodecanese also contains, Yagar, D., 1994. However, their territory would later be threatened by the Early Muslim conquests initiated by Muhammad in the 7th century. The Greco-Italian War took place from October 1940 to April 1941 as part of the Balkans Campaign of World War II. Philip II and his son Alexander the Great led a series of conquests that led not only to the unification of the Greek mainland and the control of the Aegean Sea under his rule, but also the destruction of the Achaemenid Empire. The Greek regions that border the sea, in alphabetical order, are Attica, Central Greece, Central Macedonia, Crete, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, North Aegean, Peloponnese, South Aegean, and Thessaly. The port of Piraeus in Athens is the chief port in Greece, the largest passenger port in Europe[18][19] and the third largest in the world,[20] servicing about 20 million passengers annually. With a throughput of 1.4 million TEUs, Piraeus is placed among the top ten ports in container traffic in Europe and the top container port in the Eastern Mediterranean. After the death of his successor, Malik Shah I, the empire was divided, and Malik Shah was succeeded in Anatolia by Kilij Arslan I, who founded the Sultanate of Rum. References The Seljuq Turks, under the Seljuk Empire, invaded the Byzantine Empire in 1068, from which they annexed almost all the territories of Anatolia, including the east coast of the Aegean Sea, during the reign of Alp Arslan, the second Sultan of the Seljuk Empire. According to the International Hydrographic Organization, the limits of the Aegean Sea as follows:[8], Aegean surface water circulates in a counterclockwise gyre, with hypersaline Mediterranean water moving northward along the west coast of Turkey, before being displaced by less dense Black Sea outflow. The Fall of the Western Roman Empire allowed its successor state, the Byzantine Empire, to continue Roman control over the Aegean Sea. During the 820s, Crete was conquered by a group of Berbers Andalusians exiles led by Abu Hafs Umar al-Iqritishi, and it became an independent Islamic state. Topics: Méditerranée, Mer, Égée, Mer, Crète antique, Ionienne, Mer, Corse, Île de, Sicile, Île de, Sardaigne, Île de C'est la 5ème plus grande île de la Méditerranée en terme de superficie. When they were first occupied, the present-day islands including Milos with its important obsidian production were probably still connected to the mainland. Later attempts by the Byzantine Empire to recover the island were without success. [41][42], Part of the Mediterranean Sea between the Balkanian and Anatolian peninsulas. It ultimately connects with the Black Sea through the Bosphoros strait, upon which lies the city of Istanbul. COOEE Lavris Hotels & Spa, Kato Gouves Picture: la Mer Egée - Check out Tripadvisor members' 1,482 candid photos and videos. Mag. The Ottoman Empire held a presence over the sea for over 500 years, until it was replaced by modern Turkey. [14], The subsequent Bronze Age civilizations of Greece and the Aegean Sea have given rise to the general term Aegean civilization. An estimated 2 million tourists visit Santorini annually. Both are inextricably entwined. The sea has an area of some 215,000 square kilometres. UNESCO. [2] In the north, the Aegean is connected to the Marmara Sea and the Black Sea by the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus. Many of the islands are volcanic, and marble and iron are mined on other islands. The Ottoman Empire held a presence over the sea for over 500 years until its dissolution following World War I, when it was replaced by modern Turkey. In the South Slavic languages, the Aegean is called White Sea (Bulgarian: Бяло море/Byalo more; Macedonian: Belo more/Бело море; Serbo-Croatian: Belo more/Бело море). Céramiques des Iles de la Mer Égée (Sauf la Crète) by Dugas, Charles View Our 2020 Holiday Gift Guide We made holiday shopping easy: browse by interest, category, price … Grèce #Crète port et village venitien de la Canée ( #Chania ) - Duration: 7:36. Their syllabic script, the Linear B, offers the first written records of the Greek language and their religion already included several deities that can also be found in the Olympic Pantheon. There is a considerable difference between fish catches between the pelagic and demersal zones;[24] with respect to pelagic fisheries, the catches from the northern, central and southern Aegean area groupings are dominated, respectively, by anchovy, horse mackerels, and boops. With the Balkan wars, Greece extends in Epirus, Macedonia and the Aegean Islands. Tourism to the Aegean islands contributes a significant portion of tourism in Greece, especially since the second half of the 20th century. The Aegean Sea is an elongated embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between the Balkanian and Anatolian peninsulas. Verg. Collaborative Dictionary     French-English, 'île de la mer égée' also found in translations in English-French dictionary, You want to reject this entry: please give us your comments (bad translation/definition, duplicate entries...), Translation French - English Collins Dictionary, Free: Learn English, French and other languages, Reverso Documents: translate your documents online, Learn English watching your favourite videos, All French-English translations from our dictionary, Karpathos maintient ses traditions et l'authenticité des villages plus que toute autre, Karpathos maintains its traditions and the authenticity of villages more than any other, L'île de Syros, capitale de la préfecture des Cyclades qui abrite le siège de la région de l'Égée méridionale, est également la seule, Syros is the capital of the Cyclades prefecture and administrative centre for the South Aegean region, while being the only, Chora est lié avec le port de Pera Gialos et est considérée par beaucoup comme l'une des plus belles capitales d', Hora is linked to the harbour of Pera Gialos and thought by many to be one of the most beautiful capitals on any, J.-C., une immense éruption volcanique, possiblement une des plus grandes que l'être humain ait jamais connues, a lieu à Théra (actuellement Santorin), une, Courtesy MacGillivray Freeman Films In 1646 BC a massive volcanic eruption, perhaps one of the largest ever witnessed by mankind, took place at Thera (present day Santorini), an.

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